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- at 20:46:08 - Infections RSS Feed | Really Simple Syndication

Common Measures to Reduce Incidence of Hepatitis A

hepatitis
Although there are five different strains of hepatitis virus - A, B, C, and the rarer D and E - they all cause acute, or short-term, infectious diseases that result in liver inflammation. The hepatitis B, C, and D viruses can also cause chronic sometimes lifelong hepatitis infection.

Hepatitis A Virus Causes Acute Illness

Hepatitis A is transmitted through the fecal/oral route, meaning it is spread primarily through food or water contaminated by ***** from an infected person. It often occurs when people who have hepatitis A do not wash their hands after using the toilet and then prepare or serve food to others.

There have been high-profile cases in recent years where groups of people contract the virus in restaurants due to unsanitary practices or contaminated food or water. However, large hepatitis A outbreaks are uncommon in the developed countries.

Besides jaundice, fatigue and itching, people with hepatitis A might experience abdominal pain, loss of appetite, nausea, diarrhea, and fever. Their urine can become darker than normal. Adults will have signs and symptoms more often than children who contract the disease. People with less severe cases of hepatitis might have mild symptoms or none that are noticeable.

Some Groups More Vulnerable

Anyone can get hepatitis A, but some groups are at increased risk, including children who go to day care, people who work in day care centers, people who live with someone who already has hepatitis A, men who have *** with men, and people who travel to countries where hepatitis A is common.

According to the US Centers for Disease Control (CDC), one-third of Americans have evidence of past infection with hepatitis A and about 15 percent of those infected report prolonged symptoms for six to nine months. However, the number of acute and estimated cases of hepatitis A has dropped dramatically in the last 30 years. Before the availability of a hepatitis A vaccine, the CDC reported about 35,000 cases yearly.

Hepatitis A Vaccine

Hepatitis A is preventable. People can protect themselves and others by washing their hands every time they use the toilet and before they prepare or eat food; by wearing gloves if they have to touch other people's stool and washing their hands thoroughly afterwards; and, if they are traveling to or through a country where hepatitis A outbreaks occur frequently, by using bottled water for drinking and for washing food.

In addition to good personal hygiene and proper sanitation, vaccines are available to provide long-term protection against hepatitis A.

Although the hepatitis A vaccine is not part of the normal course of recommended vaccines for US children or adults, there are certain groups who should be immunized:

  • people spending time in countries where hepatitis A is common


  • people with compromised immune systems or chronic liver disease


  • people who work with populations that are at increased risk of exposure to the hepatitis A virus


  • men who have intercourse with men


  • people who use illegal drugs


Immune globulin can be used for short-term prevention of hepatitis A virus infection. It provides almost immediate protection in cases where someone has been exposed to the hepatitis A virus but has not been vaccinated or their vaccination has not yet taken effect. Most people who have hepatitis A get well on their own after a few weeks, but should get plenty of rest and avoid alcohol until their symptoms have resolved.
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9 Blog Posts 0 Comments 0 Following 1 Followers 97 User RSS Feed abonnieren
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